Last name, First Name1; Last name, First Name2; Last name, First Name3;

1dept. name of organization, name of organization, acronyms acceptable, City, Country

2dept. name of organization, name of organization, acronyms acceptable, City, Country

3dept. name of organization, name of organization, acronyms acceptable, City, Country

Keywords (up to 10): Please provide up to 10 Keywords which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.

Track No: Please provide the Track (number) you would like your paper to be considered for.


Main Body of the Abstract

Length of the Abstract

This should not be longer than 3 pages including the title page, main body, tables, figures and references.

Formatting the manuscript

Manuscripts should be 1.5 line spacing throughout. Font to be used for the Title of the paper in the Title page should be in capital letters, centred, bold, and Times New Roman 14-point font. The font to be used for the Abstract main body should be Times New Roman 12-point font.

The page size should be A4 formatting. 2.5cm margins should be used on all sides (left, right, top, bottom).

Endnotes, Headers or Footers should not be used.

Tables and Figures (if applicable)

All Tables, Figures (charts, diagrams and line drawings) and Plates (photographic images) should be included as part of the manuscript. Supply clear captions for all tables, figures and plates.

  • Tables/figures should be no more than a single page each. If the data is too large for a single table, please consider another way of presenting your data.
  • The font to be used in a table/figure is 9pt Times New Roman. There is no bold and italic

Keywords (up to 10): Please provide up to 10 Keywords which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.


References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency.

You should cite publications in the text: (Adams, 2006) using the first named author’s name or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing both names when there are two authors, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

For books           Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.

e.g. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.

For book chapters       Surname, Initials (year), “Chapter title”, Editor’s Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), “The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum”, in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20.

For journals       Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, Journal Name, volume, number, pages.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), “Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.

For published conference proceedings          Surname, Initials (year of publication), “Title of paper”, in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), “Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner”, in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.

For unpublished conference proceedings       Surname, Initials (year), “Title of paper”, paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).

e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), “Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki”, paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at: http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf (accessed 20 February 2007).

For working papers    Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date.

e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), “How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments”, working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.

For encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor)  Title of Encyclopedia (year) “Title of entry”, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) “Psychology of culture contact”, Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.

(For authored entries please refer to book chapter guidelines above)

For newspaper articles (authored)     Surname, Initials (year), “Article title”, Newspaper, date, pages.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008), “Money for old rope”, Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4.

For newspaper articles (non-authored)          Newspaper (year), “Article title”, date, pages.

e.g. Daily News (2008), “Small change”, 2 February, p. 7.

For electronic sources            If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.

e.g. Castle, B. (2005), “Introduction to web services for remote portlets”, available at: http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws-wsrp/ (accessed 12 November 2007).

Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]